Article #4 Small Versus Whole Group Reading Instruction in an Elementary Reading Classroom- EDEC 6099, 12/10/21
This article discusses a research project that was conducted to compare small-group reading instructional strategies and generalized, whole-group instruction to determine the most effective way to ensure students are learning and mastering all reading State Standards while receiving instruction at their individual reading levels. This research study will provide information on whether instruction is more effective when all students work in leveled small groups on the same skills, with differentiated reading materials, or if all students should work from the same instructor content with instruction occurring in a whole group setting. The research was carried out in two separate 2nd grade classrooms, each with readers ranging in ability from the beginning of first grade to the middle of third grade, as evaluated by the Fountas and Pinnell Benchmark Assessment System. For the purpose of this study, Classroom 1 received individualized, small group instruction, whereas Classroom 2 served as the control classroom and received standard, whole group instruction. This study’s findings shows that small group, differentiated instruction enabled more students in a blended classroom to succeed in learning and developing their reading comprehension skills than whole group instruction.
This article open my eyes to the difference between small group verses whole group. I do believe placing students in small or whole groups for reading depends on the childs reading level. Every child is different and develops at their own pace. I believe that small group teaching method with texts students’ instructional reading level is more effective than whole group, instructor-led instruction. This method allows for much more hands-on learning, more attention and concentrate on quiet and easily distracted students, and provide quick feedback on understanding of new skills from instructors.
Martinez, K., & Plevyak, L. (2020). Small Versus Whole Group Reading Instruction in an Elementary Reading Classroom. Humanising Language Teaching, 22(1), 36.